Women in America
Jacqueline Cochran (1906-1980) - American pioneer aviator considered to be one of the most gifted racing pilots of her generation. She was an important contributor to the formation of the wartime Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP). She held more speed, altitude, and distance records than any other male or female pilot in aviation history. She was also the first woman to break the sound barrier, doing so in 1953 in an F-86 Sabre jet.
Jackie Cochran, the first woman to break the sound barrier, She piloted a Canadian Air Force F-86 Sabrejet. Among her other aviation firsts: She was the first woman to take off from an aircraft carrier, the first woman to reach Mach 2, the first pilot to make a blind instrument landing and the first woman inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame.
I am at once a physician, a citizen and a woman, and I am not willing to stand aside and allow this concept of expendable human lives to turn this great land of ours into just another exclusive reservation where only the perfect, the privileged and the planned have the right to live. - Dr. Mildred Jefferson (1926-2010) The first black woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School
Mary Anna Randolph (Custis) Lee and Robert E. Lee Jr., c.1845. Mrs Lee (1808–1873) was the wife of her 3rd cousin, General Robert E. Lee. Closely connected to the prominent families of Virginia, she was the daughter of George Washington Parke Custis, George Washington's step grandson and adopted son. She grew up in the Custis estate, Arlington House, which is now the National Cemetery. She was small of stature and vivacious; unfortunately she suffered from rheumatoid arthritis later in life.
Now here's a story! Mary Edwards Walker, 1911. She received the Medal of Honor for her work as a surgeon during the civil war, the only woman to ever get one. In 1917 the Army tightened up the rules for what you had to do/be to get the MoH...and deleted 911 names from the Medal of Honor Roll, inculding her. She kept her medal and wore it till her death. Jimmy Carter restored her medal posthumously.
Julia Morgan (January 20, 1872 – February 2, 1957) was an American architect. The architect of over 700 buildings in California, she is best known for her work on Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California. Throughout her long career, she also designed multiple buildings for institutions serving women and girls.
At 67, Emma Gatewood (1888-1973) became the first solo female thru-hiker of the 2168-mile Appalachian Trail. At 5’2″, she was also an unwitting pioneer of extreme ultra-light hiking, wearing Keds sneakers, carrying an army blanket, a raincoat, a plastic shower curtain for shelter, a cup, a first aid kit & one change of clothes slung in a homemade bag over her shoulder. She gathered wild foods on the trail, supplementing them with dried beef, cheese, nuts & sausages bought in towns along the way.
Alice Lee Roosevelt's mother, Alice, was a Boston banking heiress. Two days after her birth, in the same house, her mother died of undiagnosed kidney failure. Eleven hours earlier that day, Theodore's mother Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch died of typhoid fever. Her daughter Paulina died of an overdose of sleeping pills in 1957. Alice fought for + won custody of her granddaughter, Joanna Sturm, whom she raised.
Clara Barton (1821-1912), the founder and first president of the American Red Cross, acquired her broad skill set of urgent medical care, long-term care for invalids, locating and reuniting lost family members and soldiers, etc. through “on-the-job training” during some of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. Prior to the war, she was a schoolteacher with no medical background.
The women who fought as men: Rare American Civil War pictures show how females disguised themselves so they could go into battle Some enlisted alongside their husbands as they couldn't bear to be apart They often served with distinction fighting in dozens of battles One even chose to remain a man once the war had ended
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander (1898 – 1989) achieved a lot of firsts in her life. She was the first African American woman to receive a Ph.D. in the United States, the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, the first African American woman to be admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar, and was the first national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority