At the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, just 817 kilometres from the North Pole, you'll find the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world: Alert, Nunavut.The warmest month, July, has a balmy average temperature of 3.4 C (38.1 F).
Pole of Cold (Russia). 'There’s no better place in the world to be cold than in the Sakha Republic, home of the self proclaimed ‘pole of cold’. Yakutsk, the capital, is the world’s coldest city of any decent size. But the actual pole of cold – the coldest inhabited place on earth – is in Oymyakon, where temperatures have dropped to –71°C.' ://www.lonelyplanet.com/russia/russian-far-east/yakutsk/travel-tips-and-articles/25496
Alert, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada, is the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world, 817 kilometres (508 mi) from the North Pole. It takes its name from HMS Alert, which wintered 10 km (6.2 mi) east of the present station, off what is now Cape Sheridan, in 1875–1876. Alert was reported to have five permanent inhabitants according to the 2006 census.