Ypres after the First Bombardment 1916. Christopher Nevinson (1889-1946) was a British figure and landscape painter, etcher and lithographer. . Gertler was, for a time, his closest friend and influence, and they formed for a short while a group known as the Neo-Primitives, being deeply influenced by the art of the early Renaissance. However, Gertler and Nevinson subsequently fell out when they both fell in love with Carrington.