Escrava Anastácia, or Anastácia the slave, was an 18th century Brazilian slave. She suffered a brutal existence because she refused to give in to the sexual desires of her master. Much of her life is the subject of folklore and is sometimes depicted with blue eyes. A woman of great beauty, she was muzzled with a mask and often suffered in silence. Today, throughout Brazil, many women wear the mask in public displays in honor of Anastácia as a sysmbol of resistance.
"Portrait of a black woman" - Alberto Henschel - 1870 - Far more enslaved Africans were taken to Brazil than to North America, and slavery remained legal in Brazil until 1888. Henschel left many striking portraits of African-Brazilian people, most of them enslaved.