The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), literally meaning reorganization of the Ottoman Empire, was a period of reformation that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876. The Portrait of Sultan Mahmud II in 1830-Tanzimât reform era was characterized by various attempts to modernize the Ottoman Empire and to secure its territorial integrity against nationalist movements from within and aggressive powers from outside of the state. The reforms encouraged Ottomanism…

The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), literally meaning reorganization of the Ottoman Empire, was a period of reformation that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876. The Portrait of Sultan Mahmud II in 1830-Tanzimât reform era was characterized by various attempts to modernize the Ottoman Empire and to secure its territorial integrity against nationalist movements from within and aggressive powers from outside of the state. The reforms encouraged Ottomanism…

Machado de Assis - Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas: CAPÍTULO XII / UM EPISÓDIO DE 1814

Machado de Assis - Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas: CAPÍTULO XII / UM EPISÓDIO DE 1814

Mahmud II

Turquia: Sete séculos entre sonhos e pesadelos

Mahmud II before his clothing reform in 1826. - Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (Turkish: II. Mahmud) (20 July 1789 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid I.

Mahmud II before his clothing reform in 1826. - Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (Turkish: II. Mahmud) (20 July 1789 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid I.

In June 1838, soon after her coronation, Queen Victoria received a star-shaped brooch of emeralds and diamonds from Sultan Mahmud II. In the centre of the brooch is the Sultan’s tughra in brilliant cut diamonds. The tughra is the Sultan’s personal calligraphic monogram which was affixed to all official documents, correspondence, coins and seals. The tughra of Mahmud II reads: ‘Mahmud Khan son of Abdülhamid is forever victorious’.

In June 1838, soon after her coronation, Queen Victoria received a star-shaped brooch of emeralds and diamonds from Sultan Mahmud II. In the centre of the brooch is the Sultan’s tughra in brilliant cut diamonds. The tughra is the Sultan’s personal calligraphic monogram which was affixed to all official documents, correspondence, coins and seals. The tughra of Mahmud II reads: ‘Mahmud Khan son of Abdülhamid is forever victorious’.

1837 Cairo Egypt Silver Coin Adli or Yeni Qirsh 1223-1255 AH Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II Year 31 XF

1837 Cairo Egypt Silver Coin Adli or Yeni Qirsh 1223-1255 AH Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II Year 31 XF

An Ottoman metal thread-embroidered mahmal cover made by order of Sultan Mahmud II (reg. 1808-39) and later reused under Sultan Muhammad V (reg 1909-18) Egypt, 19th Century, the tughra of Sultan Muhammad V early 20th Century(7)

An Ottoman metal thread-embroidered mahmal cover made by order of Sultan Mahmud II (reg. 1808-39) and later reused under Sultan Muhammad V (reg 1909-18) Egypt, 19th Century, the tughra of Sultan Muhammad V early 20th Century(7)

Sultan Mahmud II - Google Arts & Culture

Sultan Mahmud II - Google Arts & Culture

Tughra of Mahmud II

Egyptian 1 pound coin

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