Map of Binondo area. Binondo is an enclave in Manila primarily populated by Chinese immigrants living in the Philippines. Historically, the place called Parían near Intramuros was where the unconverted Chinese immigrants (called Sangley by the Spaniards) lived while Binondo was the place where the converted sangleys and their descendants, the mestizos de sangley or Chinese mestizos resided. Spanish cannons kept site of the Parian in case of any uprising.
Prefatory descriptions-4 on Binondo clans: Because there were hardly any women coming from China, the Chinese immigrant converts took to marrying native women, thus creating the “mestizo de Sangley” Chinese mestizo [ half-breed ]. It was in Binondo where the “mestizo de Sangley” Chinese mestizo community rose with unparalleled wealth and influence.
With a face that tells a thousand tales, this unknown young woman was photographed in the Philippines by Dutch photographer Francisco Van Camp in 1875. The photograph’s inscription describes her as Mestiza Sangley-Filipina, a term widely used in the 16th to 19th-century Spanish Philippines to differentiate ethnic Chinese from other types of island mestizos (such as those of mixed Indio and Spanish ancestry, who were much fewer in number.)