Anne Frank - Amsterdam
Last updated 6 years ago
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Eric Kandel - Ashkenazi jew who escaped Nazi infested Vienna to become a brilliant neuropsychiatrist. His work on memory (which inspired Proust Was A Neuoscientist, written by a member of his lab) is brilliant, he co-hosted an excellent series on the brain with Charlie Rose, fought anti-semitism in Vienna, and is doing much needed advocacy for the bridge between psychiatry and neuroscience. what a mensch.
Miep gies. Miep and Jan Gies, Johannes Kleiman, Victor Kugler, Bep and Johan Voskuijl, made up a team of helpers for eight Jews hiding at Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam. Following betrayal and deportation of the hiders, Miep and Bep made sure the diary of the youngest of the group, Anne Frank, didn't fall into the hands of the Germans. Miep stored Anne's diary in a drawer, unread, and gave it to Anne's father. He saw to it that Anne's legacy was published in 1947 with the title Het Achterhuis.
Asked after the war why he helped the people in hiding, Victor Kugler replied: "I couldn’t do otherwise. I had to help them: they were my friends. In never told my wife anything, she was very ill. I didn’t want to worry her and so I couldn’t talk about it at home. For the people in hiding, their lives changed completely. They had to be completely silent, especially during the day. But for us helpers too it was a tense, frightening time."
Miep Gies Jan 11, 2010 weeks shy of her 101st birthday. Gies worked for Otto Frank’s Amsterdam pectin co. & was the main caretaker of the Franks, including Anne, and the six other Jews who hid for 25 months in the business’ back rooms. Those hiding in the Secret Annex managed, with the help of Gies, her husband & three co-workers, to evade capture by the Nazis until Aug. 1944. Dispersed to various concentration camps, only Anne’s father returned alive.