Athens and Sparta
Last updated 51 weeks ago
20 Amazing Architecture Landmarks Around The World
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous buildings in the world. Named after engineer Gustav Eiffel, the tower was built in 1889 and it’s the tallest building in Paris. The tower is 324 meters tall and it has three levels for visitors. The wrought iron structure weighs 7,300 tons and the entire structure reaches a weight of 10,000 tons. Originally, the first level contained two restaurants and a theatre.
Bust of Pericles (nicknamed "onion-head" as he had a funny-shaped head) bearing the inscription "Pericles, son of Xanthippus, Athenian". Marble, Roman copy after a Greek original from ca. 430 BCE... Pericles (c. 495 – 429 BC) was the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age. Responsible for Parthenon, too.
Themistocles (524 - 459 a. C) Athenian politician and general. One of the most important battles of the ancient world was that of Salamis (Medical War II, in 480 a. Of C) and resulted in the destruction by the Greeks of the huge fleet of the Persians. The latter, led by Xerxes, had launched a massive invasion of Greece, Asia Minor through making a huge army raced across the plains of Anatolia, Laodicea, Sardis and Pergamum, intending to cross the Dardanelles to reach the Greeks in the peninsula
Lycurgus (c. 820–730 BC?) was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. All his reforms were directed towards the three Spartan virtues: equality (among citizens), military fitness, and austerity.