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Zande Warrior, 18th-19th centuries Democratic Republic of the Congo

Zande 2.jpg

Zande Warrior, centuries Democratic Republic of the Congo

Spartan hoplite leader

Spartan hoplite wearing a heroic cuirass and corinthian helmet, armed with a hoplon shield and a xiphos sword.

Hoplites were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields. Their main tactic was the phalanx formation. They were primarily free citizens—propertied farmers and artisans—who were able to afford the bronze armor suit and weapons. Hoplites generally received basic military training. The word hoplite derives from hoplon, the type of shield used by the soldiers.

Hoplites were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily…

Ceramic black-figure column krater (mixing bowl) with Ajax carrying the corpse of Achilles (obverse; detail). Italic, Apulian. Archaic Period. 500–450 B.C. | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Ceramic black-figure column krater (mixing bowl) with Ajax carrying the corpse of Achilles (obverse;

Etruscan painted pottery detail depicting Etruscan tradition of exchanging gifts

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