August 20, 1901 Salvatore Quasimodo born in Modica, Sicily. He became one of the foremost Italian poets of the 20th century, well-known as the leader of the Hermetic poets. He was fiery and powerful in his verse, commenting on the horrors of World War II as well as other modern social issues. In 1959, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Quasimodo died in 1968.
Czesław Miłosz was a Polish poet, prose writer and translator of Lithuanian origin. He defected to the West in 1951, and his wonderful nonfiction book "The Captive Mind" (1953) is a classic of anti-Stalinism. From 1961 to 1998 he was a professor of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of California, Berkeley. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.