Today in WW2 history 3/5/45 The 1st US Army reaches Köln (what's left of it). "The German is now licked. It is merely a question of when he chooses to quit." So said British Field Marshall 1st Viscount Alan Brooke to Eisenhower. The gamble in the Ardennes had failed. When American soldiers reached Cologne (Köln) they completely surprised the hastily trained German defenders. The city fell under American control in only two days.
An Allied military policeman leans against the wooden wall of the cabin in which Joachim von Ribbentrop, former Reich Minister of the Exterior and one of the major Nazi war criminals tried in the Nuremberg Trials, sits during the hearings of the Nuremberg Trials in the context of the International Military Tribunal in the Justice Palace in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1946. Photo: Yevgeny Khaldei
Hermann Goering, once the leader of the formidable Luftwaffe and second in command of the German Reich under Hitler, appears in a mugshot on file with the Central Registry of War Criminals and Security Suspects in Paris, France, on November 5, 1945. Goering surrendered to U.S. soldiers in Bavaria, on May 9, 1945, and was eventually taken to Nuremburg to face trial for War Crimes