Chateau de Chenonceau - For hundreds of years, France was ruled for kings and queens. They built magnificent palaces and castles, such as Chenonceau, along the River Loire. All this was swept away in the revolution of 1789. The monarchy was overthrown and King Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were publicly beheaded. In 1792, France became a republic. Despite some efforts to restore monarchy, France remains a republic.