Musa Kâzım Karabekir He was commander of the Eastern Army in the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I.In April 1916, he gained a great victory over the British forces led by General Charles Townshend during the Siege of Kut-al Amara in Iraq. Karabekir was appointed commander of the 2nd Corps at the Caucasian front and fought bitterly against the Russian and Armenian forces almost ten months. In September 1917, he was promoted to Brigadier General by a decree of the Sultan.
Umar Fakhr ud-Din Pasha better known as Fakhri Pasha was the commander of Ottoman army and governor of Medina from 1916 to 1919. He was nicknamed "The Lion of the Desert" and "The Tiger of the Desert" by the British for his patriotism in Medina.
Abdülmecid II (Turkish: Abdülmecit; Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی, Abdâlmecid el-Sâni ) (29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Sunni Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman Dynasty, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.