Fifty years ago, a small group boarded a bus in Washington D.C. to challenge racial segregation in the deep South. They were nearly burned alive in Alabama. Then hundreds of activists joined the movement to keep the rides going. Host Michel Martin speaks with two Freedom Riders about this historical episode. Congressman Bob Filner and Rev. Reginald Green were college students when joining and were consequently jailed.

Fifty years ago, a small group boarded a bus in Washington D.C. to challenge racial segregation in the deep South. They were nearly burned alive in Alabama. Then hundreds of activists joined the movement to keep the rides going. Host Michel Martin speaks with two Freedom Riders about this historical episode. Congressman Bob Filner and Rev. Reginald Green were college students when joining and were consequently jailed.

Last photo of Malcolm X, taken the day he was assassinated. Look at his face, it's almost as if he knew something ominous was on the horizon.

Last photo of Malcolm X, taken the day he was assassinated. Look at his face, it's almost as if he knew something ominous was on the horizon.

6 year old Ruby Bridges was the first black child in the south to attend a white school after the forced integration following the landmark ruling of Brown Vs. The Board of Education. A willing participant in her mother's decision that she would go and endure what was to be sure a very tough road in the name of helping forge the path of the civil rights movement, Ruby faced death threats and intense bullying with courage and grace.

6 year old Ruby Bridges was the first black child in the south to attend a white school after the forced integration following the landmark ruling of Brown Vs. The Board of Education. A willing participant in her mother's decision that she would go and endure what was to be sure a very tough road in the name of helping forge the path of the civil rights movement, Ruby faced death threats and intense bullying with courage and grace.

BLACK PANTHER WOMEN

BLACK PANTHER WOMEN

This is a really creepy image but the rational behind it was that photographs were really expensive, so mothers got their children to sit on their laps so the child didn't move and they draped themselves in black cloth so that they weren't actually "in" the photograph - Just a bit of history for you Anet & Alexa

This is a really creepy image but the rational behind it was that photographs were really expensive, so mothers got their children to sit on their laps so the child didn't move and they draped themselves in black cloth so that they weren't actually "in" the photograph - Just a bit of history for you Anet & Alexa

HARRIET AND JOHN TUBMAN: The only photo held representing the likeness of Harriet's first husband, John Tubman, a free black man of Maryland, killed after Harriet's escape to freedom. Harriet's age in photo is about 30 years. Around 1844, she married a free black man, John Tubman. Since she was a slave, there could be a chance that she could be sold; he reportedly told her that he would tell "massa" if she tried. Her goal to achieve freedom was too large for her to give up though. In 1849…

HARRIET AND JOHN TUBMAN: The only photo held representing the likeness of Harriet's first husband, John Tubman, a free black man of Maryland, killed after Harriet's escape to freedom. Harriet's age in photo is about 30 years. Around 1844, she married a free black man, John Tubman. Since she was a slave, there could be a chance that she could be sold; he reportedly told her that he would tell "massa" if she tried. Her goal to achieve freedom was too large for her to give up though. In 1849…

Edna Lewis (b.1916 - d.2006) was an African-American chef and author best known for her books on traditional Southern cuisine. She was one of eight children. Her cookbooks include The Edna Lewis Cookbook (1972). This was followed by The Taste of Country Cooking in 1976, considered a classic study of Southern cooking. She co-founded the Society for the Revival and Preservation of Southern Food, a precursor to the Southern Foodways Alliance (SFA). She died in Decatur, Georgia in 2006, aged 89.

Edna Lewis (b.1916 - d.2006) was an African-American chef and author best known for her books on traditional Southern cuisine. She was one of eight children. Her cookbooks include The Edna Lewis Cookbook (1972). This was followed by The Taste of Country Cooking in 1976, considered a classic study of Southern cooking. She co-founded the Society for the Revival and Preservation of Southern Food, a precursor to the Southern Foodways Alliance (SFA). She died in Decatur, Georgia in 2006, aged 89.

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948  When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948 When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948

Foto na História: Escrava servindo de animal

Foto na História: Escrava servindo de animal

Fannie Lou Hamer was instrumental in organizing Mississippi Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and later became the Vice-Chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, attending the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in that capacity. Her plain-spoken manner and fervent belief in the Biblical righteousness of her cause gained her a reputation as an electrifying speaker and constant activist of civil rights.

Fannie Lou Hamer was instrumental in organizing Mississippi Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and later became the Vice-Chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, attending the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in that capacity. Her plain-spoken manner and fervent belief in the Biblical righteousness of her cause gained her a reputation as an electrifying speaker and constant activist of civil rights.

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