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This 1870s lithograph from an unidentified gazetteer for the state of Pennsylvania shows the interior of the printing office of "The Review and Examiner" newspaper, published in Washington, Pennsylvania, just south of Pittsburgh. The men in aprons and dapper hats run the presses, fold pages, and move trays of type in the tidy (and unbelievably clean) press room.

Imagine a gas powered desktop publishing system that weighed several tons, leaked oil, had thousands of moving parts, its own boiler full of molten lead and a keyboard where you couldn’t see what you had typed. These were the machines that laid out the pages of newspapers till the 80s, and to give some idea of how recent this technology was used, they were manufactured until after the release of the Apple computer. Linotype had a virtual monopoly on the typesetting of newspapers for a…

printing press - the last revolution in publishing involved these machines.

Setting type by hand. Newspaper office. San Augustine, Texas

Gutenberg Printing Press