Żywiec Brewery is a brewery founded in 1852, in Żywiec, Poland, then part of Austria-Hungary. The brewery started operating in 1856. It was owned by the Habsburgs until it was confiscated by the post-WWII Communist government of Poland. In the 1990s, the brewery was acquired by Heineken International. It is currently considered to be one of the most modern breweries in the world. Żywiec Beer has become a symbol of Polish pride and Polish recognition for many Poles.