Camilo Ferreira Botelho Castelo Branco (1825 - 1890) was one of the most prolific writers of Portuguese literature and striking. Novelist, columnist, critic, playwright, historian, poet and translator, was also the first. Viscount de Correia Botelho, title granted by King D. Luís. His most important works were, Amor de Perdição, A Queda de um Anjo and The Crime do Padre Amaro.
João de Deus Nogueira Ramos (1830 -1896), better known as João de Deus ,was a prominent lyric poet, considered at the time, the first of his time, and proposes a method of teaching reading, based on Cartilha Maternal written by him, which had great popular acceptance and is still used. Enjoyed extraordinary popularity, and it was almost a cult, being while alive object of the most diverse homages and on the occasion of his death was buried in the National Pantheon. It was the poet of…
Manuel de Arriaga (1840 - 1917) foi o primeiro Presidente da República. Docente na Universidade Coimbra era um republicano reconhecido. Preso na sequência das manifestações contra o ultimato inglês afasta-se da politica na viragem do século.
José Maria de Eça de Queiroz, Portuguese writer in the realist style. Eça never officially rejected Catholicism, and in many of his private letters he even invokes Jesus and uses expressions typical of Catholics, but was very critical of the Catholic Church of his time, and of Christianity in general (also Protestant churches) as is evident in some of his novels. He used the old-fashioned spelling "Eça de Queiroz" and this is the form that appears on many editions of his works.
Considered the most genuine representative of symbolism in Portugal, Camilo Pessanha (1867-1926) became famous mainly by the extreme rhythmic and musical quality of his verses, which approximates him from Verlaine. His poetry reflects a calm and resigned melancholy, sometimes pessimism, coupled with the feeling of the flow of time and the futility of human endeavour. These experiences, however, are always tenuous, finding its expression in images and subtle symbols or feelings of anxiety.