D. Afonso Henriques The Battle of St. Mamede took place on 24 June, 1128 near Guimarães and is considered the seminal event for the foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal. Portuguese forces led by Afonso Henriques defeated forces led by his mother Teresa of Portugal and her lover Fernão Peres de Trava. Following São Mamede, the future king styled himself "Prince of Portugal". He would be called "King of Portugal" in 1139 and was recognised as such by neighbouring kingdoms in 1143.
"Aristides de Sousa Mendes was Portugal’s consul-general in Bordeaux, France, in May of 1940. He was torn by the plight of Jewish families gathered outside his consulate hoping for safe transit visas that would take them to neutral Portugal. He handed out hundreds until his government expressly demanded he stop. “I choose to stand with God against man than with man against God,” he declared, defiantly handing out thousands more visas. For his efforts, he was stripped of his diplomatic career…
VASCO DA GAMA (Portuguese) (c. 1460 or 1469 – 24 December 1524), was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.
Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana de Borbón y Borbón-Parma (Aranjuez, 25 de abril de 1775 - Palacio de Queluz, 7 de enero de 18301 ) fue infanta de España, reina consorte de Portugal y emperatriz honoraria de Brasil. Fue la hija primogénita del rey Carlos IV de España y de su esposa, la princesa María Luisa de Parma.