Book cover to "Hymni et cursus de St. Stephano", Bavaria, 12th/13th century; ivory (St. Stephen) and silver (Mary and eight virgins).
The two saints stand holding books and supporting between them a large cross. The youthful figure at the left and the bearded one at the right closely resemble early depictions of the evangelists John and Matthew. The plaque may have been a cover for a religious text.
Henri II , Livre des péricopes Livre des péricopes de Henri II : la Crucifixion entourée du soleil et de la lune. Plat supérieur en ivoire. Art carolingien, 869-870. (Bayerische Staatbibliothek, Munich.
The Pericopes of Henry II, the last Ottonian Holy Roman Emperor circa 1002-12, made by the Liuthar circle of illuminators, working in the Benedictine Abbey of Reichenau, which housed a scriptorium and artists' workshop that may have been the largest and artistically most influential in Europe during the late 10th and early 11th centuries. Gospel pericopes contain only the passages from the gospels which are to be read during the liturgical year.