A portrait of Aspasia. No known statue of her survives. Aspasia was considered one of the most intelligent women of her age and was mistress to the statesman Pericles. She received praise as the "philosopher to the philosophers". Knowing the poor opinion Ancient Greek men held of women in general, this is high praise indeed...
Yet another portrait of Aspasia. No known statue of her survives. Aspasia was considered one of the most intelligent women of her age and was mistress to the statesman Pericles. She received praise as the "philosopher to the philosophers". Knowing the poor opinion Ancient Greek men held of women in general, this is high praise indeed!
Protagoras - He is believed to have created a major controversy during ancient times through his statement that "man is the measure of all things". This idea was revolutionary for the time and contrasted with other philosophical doctrines that claimed the universe was based on something objective, outside the human influence
Pythagoras of Samos (Ancient Greek: Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος, b. about 570 – d. about 495 BC) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religious teaching in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist, but he is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name.
Xenophon (c. 427 – 355 BCE) was a Greek historian, soldier, mercenary, philosopher and a contemporary and admirer of Socrates. He is known for his writings on the history of his own times, the 4th century BC, preserving the sayings of Socrates, and descriptions of life in ancient Greece and the Persian Empire.
“The same thing’s happening to you as happened to the crow.” “What happened to the crow, Zorba?” “Well,you see,he used to walk respectably,properly–well,like a crow.But one day he got it into his head to try & strut about like a pigeon.& from that time on the poor fellow couldn’t for the life of him recall his own way of walking.He was all mixed up, don’t you see?He just hobbled about.”~ The character of Zorba in Zorba the Greek, by Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek author, poet,& philosopher
Socrate-Socrates (c.469 BC – 399 BC) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. one of the founders of Western philosophy, has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, his irony and used tool in a wide range of discussions and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic,
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries after he lived, so very little reliable information is known about him. He was born on the island of Samos, and might have travelled widely in his youth, visiting Egypt and other places seeking knowledge.
Stoicism (Greek Στωικισμός) is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC. The Stoics taught that destructive emotions resulted from errors in judgement, and that a sage, or person of "moral and intellectual perfection," would not suffer such emotions.
Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus, founded around 307 BC. Epicurus was an atomic materialist, following in the steps of Democritus. His materialism led him to a general attack on superstition and divine intervention. Following Aristippus—about whom very little is known—Epicurus believed that pleasure is the greatest good. But the way to attain pleasure was to live modestly and to gain knowledge of the workings of the world and the limits of one's desi...
(PhysOrg.com) -- The Greek philosopher Aristotle once said 'there is no great genius without a mixture of madness,' and now there is some scientific evidence that there is a link between mania and high IQ and creativity, since a study of over 700,000 subjects showed those who scored the highest grades ...
Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science...