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Tefnut  Tefnut was the wife of Shu and mother of Nut and Geb. She and her husband were the first gods created by Atum. She was the goddess of moisture or damp, corrosive air, and was depicted either as a lioness or as a woman with a lioness’s head.

Tefnut Tefnut was the wife of Shu and mother of Nut and Geb. She and her husband were the first gods created by Atum. She was the goddess of moisture or damp, corrosive air, and was depicted either as a lioness or as a woman with a lioness’s head.

Sobek  Sobek was a crocodile god, depicted as a crocodile on an altar or as a man with a crocodile head wearing a headdress in the form of the sun disk with upright feathers and horns. Sobek’s main cult centers were at Medinet el Fayum and at the temple of Kom Ombo, which he shared with Horus and which still exists today. There was a pool at Kom Ombo containing sacred crocodiles and it is still possible to see original mummified crocodiles at the temple.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu

Thoth  Thoth was the god of writing and knowledge, and was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis holding a scribe’s pen and palette, or as a baboon. The Greeks associated him with Hermes and ascribed to him the invention of all the sciences as well as the invention of writing. He is often portrayed writing or making calculations.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu

Khnum  Khnum, was depicted as a ram-headed man. He was a god of the cataracts, a potter, and a creator god who guarded the source of the Nile,. His sanctuary was on Elephantine Island but his best-preserved temple is at Esna. The “Famine Stele”, which is a carved stone tablet, contains appeals to Khnum during a famine caused by a low inundation of the Nile.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu

Mut  Mut formed part of the Theban Triad. She was one of the daughters of Ra, the wife of Amun, and mother of Khonsu. She was the Vulture goddess and is often depicted as a woman with a long, brightly colored dress and a vulture headdress surmounted by the double crown. In her more aggressive aspect she is shown as a lion-headed goddess.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu

Anubis  Protector of the Dead Anubis is shown as a jackal-headed man, or as a jackal. His father was Seth and his mother Nephythys. His cult center was Cynopolis, now known as El Kes. He was closely associated with mummification and as protector of the dead. It was Anubis who conducted the deceased to the hall of judgment.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu

Bastet  Bastet is depicted as a woman with a cat’s head or simply as a cat. Originally an avenging lioness deity, she evolved into a goddess of pleasure. Her cult center was in the town of Bubastis in the Western delta. Many cats lived at her temple and were mummified when they died. An immense cemetery of mummified cats has been discovered in the area.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Nut Shu Geb Amun Anubis Bastet Hathor Horus Isis Osiris Ptah Ra Sobek Seth Thoth Ma’at Montu Tefnut Nephythys Mut Khonsu